What is the 2030 Agenda

The 2030 Agenda is an action plan for people, the planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace more freely and recognizes that the eradication of poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development.

All countries and all stakeholders, working in a collaborative partnership, pledged to implement the 2030 Agenda, agreed by Brazil and 192 other countries that are part of the United Nations (UN). These nations have promised to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty and neediness and to heal and protect the planet. Signatories are determined to take the bold and transformative measures that are urgently needed to direct the world on a sustainable and resilient path. Embarkation on this collective journey is anchored in a commitment that no one would be left behind.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 goals that make up the 2030 Agenda demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda. They were built on the legacy of the Millennium Development Goals and will conclude what they could not achieve. They seek to realize the human rights of all and achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. They are integrated and indivisible, and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental.

The 17 SDGs and 169 goals encourage action by the year 2030 in areas of crucial importance to humanity and the planet:

People

End poverty and hunger in all its forms and dimensions and ensure that all human beings can realize their potential in dignity and equality in a healthy environment.

Planet

Protect the planet from degradation, especially through sustainable consumption and production, sustainable management of its natural resources and urgent action on climate change so that it can support the needs of present and future generations.

Prosperity

Ensure that all human beings can enjoy a prosperous life and full personal fulfillment, and that economic, social and technological progress takes place in harmony with nature.

Peace

Promote peaceful, just and inclusive societies that are free from fear and violence. There can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable development.

Partnership

Mobilize the necessary means to implement the 2030 Agenda through a revitalized Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, based on a spirit of enhanced global solidarity, focusing in particular on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable and with the participation of all countries, all stakeholders and all people.

The Post 2015 Agenda

It was a process initiated by the United Nations (UN) to formulate the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) proposals.

The MDGs were created between the late 1990s and 2000s as a series of Goals and Targets that could influence the development plans and public policies of all countries, and generate aid for the least developed in the envisaged areas through international cooperation and receiving Official Development Assistance. Since then, many steps have been taken, but many countries are still far from achieving the goals set.

The “deadline” for the world to reach these 8 MDGs expired in 2015. Therefore, during the Rio + 20 (United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development) Summit in 2012, there was a start at a process of discussion and planning for construction of new common goals and targets for world development that could be more participatory and comprehensive.

In this context, the Post-2015 Agenda was considered for the first time, that is, a common development agenda (environmental, social and economic) after 2015. The discussions of this agenda are not limited to the SDGs, but encompass several other key agendas such as the Rio + 20 environmental agenda, Cairo + 20, women’s populations and gender equity with Beijing + 20 (important summits and agreements that reached or have been reaching 20 years since 2012).

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